O'Reilly

Save Text Size Preference Using MooTools 1.2

By on  

This post was authored by Eric Wendelin. To learn more about Eric, click here.

Last time posting here I taught you how to change text-size with JavaScript. The problem with using the solution I presented as Ian Lloyd pointed out:

Increase the font size, follow a link to another web page on same site and … back to small text

Obviously, the problem here is that we don't remember the user's preferences. It turns out to be very easy using simple JavaScript and PHP. You can view the demo now if you like. For this example I'm going to use the new MooTools 1.2 beta to handle the "cookie jar" so I don't get my hand stuck in it :) OK, let's revise the JavaScript that does the text-sizing:

New and Improved resizeText():

function resizeText(multiplier) 
{   
	var fontsz = "1.0em"; //Default to 1em   
	if (Cookie.get('site_font_size')) 
	{     
		// Use MooTools to get the cookie (if it exists)     
		fontsz = Cookie.get('site_font_size');   
	}   
	fontsz = parseFloat(fontsz) + (multiplier * 0.2) + "em";   // Change body text size   
	document.body.style.fontSize = fontsz;      //Set a new cookie with MooTools   
	
	var myCookie = Cookie.set('site_font_size', fontsz, {     
		domain: 'mydomain.com',
		duration: 365 //Save for 365 days   
	}); 
} 

As you can see this function has grown up into a very useful utility that uses cookies to store and retrieve the value of the current font-size so that the user doesn't have to resize the text after every page load. We could just call resizeText(0) onload but that would cause a flicker on the user's screen and we do not tolerate that when we can do something about it. Using PHP prevents this from happening.

The PHP snippet:

<? echo 'body { font-size:',$_COOKIE['site_font_size'],'; }'; } ?>

Put this snippet immediately after your <link> and <style> tags to prevent any errors.

Now once you have it all ready to test out, I recommend using Firecookie (an extension to Firebug) to verify that it is working exactly as expected. I have a blog post that tells you about all of Firecookie's cool features.

About Eric Wendelin

Eric Wendelin is a software engineer for Sun Microsystems. When he’s not doing super-secret programming for Sun, he plays indoor soccer, playing Wii with his friends, and cheering on the Colorado Avalanche. He also writes a blog on JavaScript, CSS, Java, and Productivity at eriwen.com

Treehouse Learning

Recent Features

  • How to Create a Twitter Card

    One of my favorite social APIs was the Open Graph API adopted by Facebook.  Adding just a few META tags to each page allowed links to my article to be styled and presented the way I wanted them to, giving me a bit of control...

  • Create a CSS Flipping Animation

    CSS animations are a lot of fun; the beauty of them is that through many simple properties, you can create anything from an elegant fade in to a WTF-Pixar-would-be-proud effect. One CSS effect somewhere in between is the CSS flip effect, whereby there's...

Incredible Demos

  • Upload Photos to Flickr with PHP

    I have a bit of an obsession with uploading photos to different services thanks to Instagram. Instagram's iPhone app allows me to take photos and quickly filter them; once photo tinkering is complete, I can upload the photo to Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and...

  • Growl-Style Notifications Using MooTools Roar

    When I think of premier MooTools plugin developers, Harald "digitarald" Kirschner is usually one of the first people that come to mind. Harald has built some of MooTools' most popular plugins, including AutoCompleter, FancyUpload, and History Manager. My favorite plugin created...

Discussion

  1. Perfect with Mootools !
    Thank you very much:)

  2. No problem! MooTools makes it too easy!

  3. Nice script – but IMO, this function should be left to the browser.

  4. @Binny:

    I totally agree, but this functionality is not yet handled properly by all browsers. Furthermore, certain websites have smaller font sizes as part of their design and this code here allows users to customize it for your site.

    It is not the best solution by any means but I think it is a good one for now.

  5. I make a reset body normal (French translation) :

          function resizeText(multiplier) {
            var fontsz = "0.69em"; // Taille de base qui équivaut à 10px
            // Si l'on ne reset pas le css
            if(multiplier != 2) {
            if (Cookie.get('site_font_size')) {
              // Si le cookie existe déjà, on prends sa valeur
              fontsz = Cookie.get('site_font_size');
            }
            fontsz = parseFloat(fontsz) + (multiplier * 0.2) + "em";
            }
            else {
            var fontsz = "0.69em"; // Taille normal qui équivaut à 10px	
            }
            // Changement de la taille du body
            document.body.style.fontSize = fontsz;
            
            // Mise à jour du cookie 
            var myCookie = Cookie.set('site_font_size', fontsz, {
              domain: 'dbdreams.net',
              duration: 365 // 1 an
            });
          }
    
  6. Cosmin

    Firefox 3 > it doesn’t work, meaning I cannot change the text size…have you done something with the links meanwhile?

  7. @Cosmin:
    Oops! I upgraded Mootools from 1.2 beta to 1.2 final and they changed the API!

    Page fixed, and thanks for letting me know!

  8. Geek34

    cookie.get don’t work

  9. @Geek34:
    Yes, the Mootools Cookie class has changed since this was written. The correct functions are Cookie.read() and Cookie.write() respectively :)

  10. Instead of using document.body.style.fontSize = fontsz; you can use morph and change the default unit to em so its a smooth transition instead of the jump in size:

    //set up morph
    var morphTextSize = new Fx.Morph(document.body,{duration:300,transition:Fx.Transitions.linear,'unit':'em'});
    
    //set font size
    morphTextSize.start({
    'font-size': parseFloat(fontsz) + (multiplier * 0.2)
    });
  11. Andy

    There seems to be an error with the way your blog parsed the domain on line 13. For a JS newb like me it was a little confusing for a moment :P

  12. @Andy: Line 13 is fine. What error?

  13. I tried to implement it with jquery and radSlider ASP.NET control. But i reach some problems. After I read comments, and figure out, that best solutions is make “fake” button for text size changing, which shows bubble with something like “Wanna change text size – try CTRL + mouse wheel and if it doesn’t work get better browser”… That’s best solution IMO :)

  14. Richard Clark

    Hi,

    I would like to target by ID a div (eg the ‘content’ div in your example) and change just the text size of this when the button is clicked, and not all of the text.

    How would I amend the following line to do this?

    // Change body text size
    document.body.style.fontSize = fontsz;

    I’ve tried – document.body.getElementById(“content”) = fontsz; but that didn’t seem to work.

    Any help would be greatly appreciated

    Thanks,

    Richard

    • Richard:

      You’ll want something like

      document.getElementById('content').style.fontSize = fontsz;

      Let me know if that doesn’t work for you. Cheers, Eric

  15. Great Post! I was wondering if there is a way to automatically detect the domain to make this script more portable?

    Thanks!

    Best,

    Matt

    • Thanks, Matt.

      You can use “window.location.host” to get the current domain.

      Cheers,
      Eric

  16. Andreas

    I swear noone has tried the PHP-snippet, as its obviously sooo wrong, uah.
    Try this one

Wrap your code in <pre class="{language}"></pre> tags, link to a GitHub gist, JSFiddle fiddle, or CodePen pen to embed!