CSS Tutorials

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    How to Get and Set CSS Variable Values with JavaScript

    CSS variables are a very welcome addition to the language, despite them being incredibly basic.  Sure we could use SASS or stylus but languages should never count on developers relying on frameworks and toolkits to accomplish what we know we need.  And just like every other...

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    Responsive IFRAMEs

    Responsive web design revolutionized the web and spurred a movement away from native apps to web apps easily customizable for a mobile environment.  We use media queries and non-pixel-based dimensions to make responsive design easier; in fact, img { max-width: 100% } is one of my favorite...

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    Create the Google Button Effect with CSS

    I always found Google's branding simple but grew to realize that was the beauty in their design; there's something about "just enough" that is the perfect balance between bland and over the top.  GMail's design grew old over the years and Google just got around to...

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    8 Digit Hex Colors

    One of the most requested capabilities in my early days of web development was the ability to set opacity on elements and even PNG images without the need for browser-specific CSS or hacks.  Eventually we got native opacity support and even enjoyed rgba(), the ability...

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    Vertically Centering with Flexbox

    Vertically centering sibling child contents is a task we've long needed on the web but has always seemed way more difficult than it should be.  We initially used tables to accomplish the task, then moved on to CSS and JavaScript tricks because table layout was horribly...

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    Creating Spacers with Flexbox

    I was one of the biggest fans of flexbox before it hit but, due to being shuffled around at Mozilla, I never had the chance to use it in any practice project; thus, flexbox still seems like a bit of a mystery to me.  This greatly...

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    Focusing on Focus

    What's up my a11y allies? Were you aware that the mouse and keyboard handle focus differently? Well it's true. Both handle them differently, and depending on what browser you are in also matters...a lot actually. Focus is a crucial element to the usage and experience of the...

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    Shoelace.css: A Back to the Basics CSS Starter Kit

    CSS frameworks such as Bootstrap and Semantic UI have become an essential part of web design. They provide the necessary resets, default styles, and components that save us hours and hours of work. Most CSS frameworks are built using preprocessors such as Less or Sass, which is...

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    Reverse Element Order with CSS Flexbox

    CSS is becoming more and more powerful these days, almost to the point where the order of HTML elements output to the page no longer matters from a display standpoint -- CSS lets you do so much that almost any layout, large or small, is possible.  Semantics...

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    Responsive Images with Client Hints

    It doesn't take being a performance fanatic to know that images can really slow down a page's load time.  We've come a long way when it comes to images, from lazy loading them to using better image formats like WebP, but they all involve loading the...