CSS Transforms

By  on  

CSS has become more and more powerful over the past few years and CSS transforms are a prime example. CSS transforms allow for sophisticated, powerful transformations of HTML elements.  One or more transformations can be applied to a given element and transforms can even be animated using CSS animations.

Transform Types

There are several types of CSS transforms, each performing a different function.  The following are the transform types with example value:

  • transform: none
  • transform: matrix(1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0)
  • transform: matrix3d(1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0, 10.0, 11.0, 12.0, 13.0, 14.0, 15.0, 16.0)
  • transform: rotate(0.5turn)
  • transform: rotateX(3deg)
  • transform: rotateY(3deg)
  • transform: rotateZ(3deg)
  • transform: rotate3d(1, 2.0, 3.0, 3deg)
  • transform: scale(3, 3.5)
  • transform: scaleX(3)
  • transform: scaleY(0.6)
  • transform: scaleZ(0.9)
  • transform: scale3d(2.5, 1.2, 0.3)
  • transform: skewX(44deg)
  • transform: skewY(1.9rad)
  • transform: translate(12px, 20%)
  • transform: translateX(5em)
  • transform: translateY(9in)
  • transform: translateZ(4px)
  • transform: translate3d(40px, 20%, 5em)
  • transform: perspective(40px)

All text, imagery, background imagery, and other elements will be transformed accordingly.

Multiple Transforms

Applying multiple transforms to an element is simple:

.myTransformElement {
	transform: scale(2) skewY(0.3) rotate(4deg);
}

Separate multiple transforms using spaces!

Sibling Property: transform-origin

Transforms have a sibling property of transform-origin.  The transform-origin property provides a point of origin for the given transform to take place:

.myTransformElement {
	transform: scale(2) skewY(0.3) rotate(4deg);

	transform-origin: 0 0;
	transform-origin: 50% 50%;
	transform-origin: -5em 3em;
}

As you can see above, there are several formats of transform-origin to choose from.

Animating Transforms

Animating CSS transforms is just as easy as animating any other CSS property:

.container {
	transform: rotateY(2deg);
	transition: 0.6s;
	transition-property: transform;
}

.container:hover {
	transform: rotateY(180deg);
}

@keyframe animations can also be used to animate CSS transforms.

CSS Transform Examples

Recent Features

  • By
    Send Text Messages with PHP

    Kids these days, I tell ya.  All they care about is the technology.  The video games.  The bottled water.  Oh, and the texting, always the texting.  Back in my day, all we had was...OK, I had all of these things too.  But I still don't get...

  • By
    5 Ways that CSS and JavaScript Interact That You May Not Know About

    CSS and JavaScript:  the lines seemingly get blurred by each browser release.  They have always done a very different job but in the end they are both front-end technologies so they need do need to work closely.  We have our .js files and our .css, but...

Incredible Demos

  • By
    Retrieve Your Gmail Emails Using PHP and IMAP

    Grabbing emails from your Gmail account using PHP is probably easier than you think. Armed with PHP and its IMAP extension, you can retrieve emails from your Gmail account in no time! Just for fun, I'll be using the MooTools Fx.Accordion plugin...

  • By
    Fancy Navigation with MooTools JavaScript

    Navigation menus are traditionally boring, right? Most of the time the navigation menu consists of some imagery with a corresponding mouseover image. Where's the originality? I've created a fancy navigation menu that highlights navigation items and creates a chain effect. The XHTML Just some simple...

Discussion

    Wrap your code in <pre class="{language}"></pre> tags, link to a GitHub gist, JSFiddle fiddle, or CodePen pen to embed!