Form Element AJAX Spinner Attachment Using MooTools

By  on  

Many times you'll see a form dynamically change available values based on the value of a form field. For example, a "State" field will change based on which Country a user selects. What annoys me about these forms is that they'll often do an AJAX request to grab the states but wont show any indicator to the user that something is happening. We're going to use MooTools to add an AJAX spinner image next to form fields that perform such AJAX requests.

The XHTML

<select class="ajax">
	<option value="">-- Select a Site--</option>
	<option value="David Walsh Blog">David Walsh Blog</option>
	<option value="Script & Style">Script & Style</option>
	<option value="Band Website Template">Band Website Template</option>
</select>

<br /><br />

<input type="text" id="my-text" class="ajax" />

Add the "ajax" class (or any class for that matter) to the elements you'd like the spinner to display by.

The MooTools JavaScript

window.addEvent('domready',function() {
	//inject image
	var spinner = new Element('img',{
		src: 'move-spinner.gif',
		styles: {
			position:'absolute'
		},
		opacity: 0
	}).inject(document.body);
	//form element events
	$$('.ajax').each(function(el) {
		//get coordinates
		var coords = el.getCoordinates(document.body);
		//ajax request object
		var request = new Request({
			url: '',
			method: 'post',
			onRequest: function() {
				spinner.setStyles({
					left: coords.right + 10,
					top: coords.top + 5
				}).fade('in');
			},
			onComplete: function() {
				spinner.fade('out');
			}
		});
		//change event
		el.addEvent('change',function() {
			//ajax request
			request.send({
				data: {
					ajax: 1,
					value: el.get('value')
				}
			});
		});
	});
});

We first add the spinner image to the document but hide it right away. When any of the form elements with the "ajax" class changes value, we move the spinner image to the right of the element. Then we use Reqeust's onRequest and onComplete methods to show and hide the spinner. Simple!

Look forward to a jQuery version tomorrow.

Recent Features

  • By
    5 Ways that CSS and JavaScript Interact That You May Not Know About

    CSS and JavaScript:  the lines seemingly get blurred by each browser release.  They have always done a very different job but in the end they are both front-end technologies so they need do need to work closely.  We have our .js files and our .css, but...

  • By
    Create a CSS Cube

    CSS cubes really showcase what CSS has become over the years, evolving from simple color and dimension directives to a language capable of creating deep, creative visuals.  Add animation and you've got something really neat.  Unfortunately each CSS cube tutorial I've read is a bit...

Incredible Demos

  • By
    CSS Animations Between Media Queries

    CSS animations are right up there with sliced bread. CSS animations are efficient because they can be hardware accelerated, they require no JavaScript overhead, and they are composed of very little CSS code. Quite often we add CSS transforms to elements via CSS during...

  • By
    iPhone Checkboxes Using MooTools

    One of the sweet user interface enhancements provided by Apple's iPhone is their checkbox-slider functionality. Thomas Reynolds recently released a jQuery plugin that allows you to make your checkboxes look like iPhone sliders. Here's how to implement that functionality using the beloved...

Discussion

  1. Cool little snippet here mate. Would mate a nice little class if it was taken further. You are part of the mooDev team arnt you? Isn’t there a spinner class in the new more version to be released soon? Will that do a similar thing?

  2. Good question Si. The doc for the new feature Spinner is here : http://mootools.net/docs/more/Interface/Spinner It automates the creation of ajax spinners over DOM elements being updated (previously known as Waiter on Clientcide.com). So your class is a bit useless, no ?

  3. @Nico: not useless no, maybe superseeded tho. Still, a nice little tut like this can help someone learn mootools and if you dont want to include mootools more then you can use it for your own purposes.

    I’m excited about trying out the spinner class tho and the table sort class (as i had just wrote my own)

  4. @Si: not to self, learn to type URLs properly!!

  5. great!!!!thanks man

  6. I think that AjaxLoader.js may be also useful to create simple AJAX spinners.
    http://musicvano.github.io/ajaxloader/
    This JavaScript library is easy to use, small and allows to modify properties of the spinner in real time.

Wrap your code in <pre class="{language}"></pre> tags, link to a GitHub gist, JSFiddle fiddle, or CodePen pen to embed!