Set the User Agent With PHP cURL

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A few months back, I shared with you how to download the contents of a URL and execute a HTTP POST transmission using PHP cURL. For security purposes, some hosts require that a common user agent be present in the POST. If an unacceptable user agent is given, the POST is ignored. Luckily, cURL allows us to "spoof" the server using any user agent we choose:

curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_USERAGENT,'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.8.1.13) Gecko/20080311 Firefox/2.0.0.13');

A little sneaky but it could get you out of a jam at some point!

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Discussion

  1. Thanks for this tip. Was working on a project and found your tip very handy.

  2. Thanks for this! Was needed for a wikipedia curl request.

  3. Thanks for this, it for me too.

  4. hi..
    How to check whether a user agent string is supported by all the urls or not ? I have tried many urls with different user agent strings but I couldn’t find any user agent which is supported by all urls. When a user agent string is not supported, I get 0 (zero) as http response code and null as mime type. Please help.

  5. Thanks, without setting user agent I was getting this error:

    at nl.bitwalker.useragentutils.Browser.isInUserAgentString(Browser.java:154)

  6. Brilliand

    “for security purposes”… that’s incredibly weak security. I think it’s more common for the website to be doing useragent sniffing (to tailor the response to the browser), and simply not bothering to support uncommon useragents.

  7. perfect – thank for the tip!

  8. MJ

    Thank, that helped!

  9. i get error code like this. curl_setopt() expects parameter 1 to be resource, null given in /home/xxxx/xxxxx

  10. Try this…

    function scrap($url)	{
    	$curl = curl_init($url);
    
    	curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, "My User Agent Name");
    	curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_FAILONERROR, true);
    	curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, true);
    	curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
    
    	$html = curl_exec($curl);
    	curl_close($curl);
    
    	return $html;
    }
    

    You are getting the error as curl_setopt() required first parameter as a resource returned by the curl_init($url);

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