Get Global Variables with JavaScript

By  on  

Updated 9/1/2015: My original method, keys(window) gave unhelpful results in browsers other than Chrome. I've updated this post with a more reliable method.

JavaScript globals are considered bad.  And as a contributor to the MooTools project, I've heard this on a daily basis for the better part of a decade.  MooTools got knocked for extending natives but also for placing objects in the global space, like Browser and $$.  I find the "global vars are terrible" philosophy a bit funny since even jQuery and JavaScript loaders use a global variable.

Intentional globals aside, leaking global variables is bad practice and a result of sloppy coding.  So how can we see what properties are custom within the global namespace?  It's easier than you think:

// UPDATE:  This method is too naive
// Returns an array of window property names
//keys(window);

// Inject an iframe and compare its `contentWindow` properties to the global window properties
(function() {
	var iframe = document.createElement('iframe');
	iframe.onload = function() {
		var iframeKeys = Object.keys(iframe.contentWindow);
		Object.keys(window).forEach(function(key) {
			if(!(key in iframeKeys)) {
				console.log(key);
			}
		});
	};
	iframe.src = 'about:blank';
	document.body.appendChild(iframe);
})();

You will see some variables there that you know you didn't set, like window, document, top, and location, but the others will have been leaked (or intentional) globals set by custom JavaScript code!

Recent Features

Incredible Demos

  • By
    Telephone Link Protocol

    We've always been able to create links with protocols other than the usual HTTP, like mailto, skype, irc ,and more;  they're an excellent convenience to visitors.  With mobile phone browsers having become infinitely more usable, we can now extend that convenience to phone numbers: The tel...

  • By
    MooTools Zebra Tables Plugin

    Tabular data can oftentimes be boring, but it doesn't need to look that way! With a small MooTools class, I can make tabular data extremely easy to read by implementing "zebra" tables -- tables with alternating row background colors. The CSS The above CSS is extremely basic.

Discussion

  1. GoogleAnalyticsObject :)

  2. Darren

    Am I missing something? All I get is:

    ReferenceError: Can't find variable: keys
    
  3. http://caniuse.com/#search=keys
    You may also use:

    Object.keys(window).join(' ')
  4. Hamburger

    Firefox 40.0.3 and windows 7 do not knows keys: keys is not defined

  5. MaxArt

    keys is a console command for Chrome. It should be equivalent to Object.keys, though.
    But, overall, if you don’t want your variables to be leaked, the best recommendation is to use strict mode.

  6. thinsoldier

    Firefox returns an array of 186 items and Chrome returns an array of 23 items. I think more standardization work is needed.

  7. All: I’ve updated with a more helpful method!

    • MaxArt

      Oh, that’s actually nice.
      I suggest removing the iframe from the document after logging the differences.

  8. key in iframeKeys may be wrong, iframeKeys.indexOf(key) > -1 works fine

  9. So, that is the best option to not use a global variable ?

  10. Valtteri

    This seems to work better:

    {
    	let props = []
    	let iframe = document.createElement('iframe')
    	document.body.append(iframe)
    	for (let prop of Object.keys(window)) {
    		if (!(prop in iframe.contentWindow)) props.push(prop)
    	}
    	console.log(props)
    	iframe.remove()
    }
    
  11. Just an ever-so-slight improvement on Valterri’s concise suggestion:

    {
    	let props = []
    	let iframe = document.createElement('iframe')
    	document.body.append(iframe)
    	for (let prop of Object.keys(window)) {
    		if (!(prop in iframe.contentWindow)) props.push(prop)
    	}
    	console.table(props.sort())
    	iframe.remove()
    }
    
    
  12. {
        let props = [],
    	    iframe = document.createElement('iframe');
    
        document.body.append(iframe)
    
    	for (let prop of Object.keys(window)) 
    		if (!(prop in iframe.contentWindow)) props.push(prop)
    	
    	console.table(props.sort())
    	iframe.remove()
    }
    

Wrap your code in <pre class="{language}"></pre> tags, link to a GitHub gist, JSFiddle fiddle, or CodePen pen to embed!