HTML5 Context Menus
One of the hidden gems within the HTML5 spec is context menus. The HTML5 context menu spec allows developers to create custom context menus for given blocks within simple menu and menuitem elements. The menu information lives right within the page so there's no need to create a custom plugin. Let me show you how you can create your own custom context menus from basic HTML!
Let's first start by defining a block of HTML and assigning the ID of the menu nodes to be used:
<section contextmenu="mymenu"> <!-- For the purpose of cleanliness, I'll put my menu inside the element that will use it --> </section>
With the block defined, now it's time to create the additional context menu items for the given block:
<menu type="context" id="mymenu"> <menuitem label="Refresh Post" onclick="window.location.reload();" icon="/images/refresh-icon.png"></menuitem> <menuitem label="Skip to Comments" onclick="window.location='#comments';" icon="/images/comment_icon.gif"></menuitem> <menu label="Share on..." icon="/images/share_icon.gif"> <menuitem label="Twitter" icon="/images/twitter_icon.gif" onclick="goTo('//twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=' + document.title + ': ' + window.location.href);"></menuitem> <menuitem label="Facebook" icon="/images/facebook_icon16x16.gif" onclick="goTo('//facebook.com/sharer/sharer.php?u=' + window.location.href);"></menuitem> </menu> </menu>
With a base menu tag with the type of context and id to match the
context attribute for the blog it's to be used for, menu items or submenus may be created. Menu items may have
This is where I'd insert more detail, but this is so damn easy that there's no point in boring you...
Mozilla Firefox is currently the only browser to support this API. I wouldn't consider adding context menus a critical necessity but the ability to do so is quite nice, and I plan to add them to my blog soon. This API is the epitome of "used for enhancement and wont harm". My "share" example is fairly basic and supplemental; have an scenario which the contextmenu API may be more useful? Share!